Carbon
external image istockphoto_5374361-carbon-element.jpg

Information about CARBON
picture of carbon
picture of carbon


-Name of Element : Carbon
-Symbol of Element : C

-Atomic Number of Carbon : 6
-Number ofexternal image carbon-atom.gif Protons/Electrons in Carbon : 6
-Number of Neutrons in Carbon : 6
-Atomic Mass: 12.0107 amu

-Element Classification: Non-Metal
-Melting Point: 3500.0 °C - 3773.15 °K
-Boiling Point: 4827.0 °C - 5100.15 °K

-Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
-Density @ 293 K: 2.62 g/cm3
-Appearance: dense, black (carbon black)
-Atomic Weight: 12.011
-Discovery: Carbon exists free in nature and
has been known since prehistoric time.

*Common Uses of Carbon
~Fossil fuels - methane gas
~Diamonds
~Crude oil (petroleum)
~Radiocarbon dating
~Smoke detectors
~Graphite carbon used as charcoal for cooking & artwork
~Gasoline
~Kerosene
~Carbon monoxide - dioxide
~Carbon Fiber

♦Isotopes
Isotopes are atoms which have the same atomic number but different mass numbers.
They have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons.
The number of neutrons in an atom can vary within small limits.

protons
neutrons
mass number
carbon 12
6
6
12
carbon 13
6
7
13
carbon 14
6
8
14

♦FACTS
* Origin of Name: Latin carbo, German Kohlenstoff, French carbone: coal or charcoal
* Elemental carbon can take the form of one of the hardest substances (diamond) or one of the softest (graphite).
* Carbon is made in the interiors of stars, though it was not produced in the Big Bang.
* Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe
(hydrogen, helium, and oxygen are found in higher amounts, by mass).


creator: MinJin Lee